Mineralogical Almanac trip to the Munich Show
(several mineralogical museums of Europe)

Our journey began on 19th of September when we left Moscow. Our main target - Munich Mineraloentage - best European mineral show. We traveled by car, and decede to stop in some interesting places we`ve heard about before. Of course, you should have a preliminary arrangement with friends and collegies.

And so, we leave behind us Russia, Belarus and enter the European Union, boundary of Poland.

October, 21 Terespol, Poland 

The Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity at the central part of Terespol.   

1. The Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity at the central part of Terespol.

2. Memorial monument in honour of the of fallen Russian soldiers, 1944.

3. Monument of Tadeush Costiushko, the Hero of Poland.

October, 22  Wroclaw, Poland

It is the fourth in population town of the country, one of its oldest cities, glorified «a pearl of Silesia». It is also «a city of hundred bridges», lies on the bank of Oder River and its three tributaries. So, its most ancient part is called Island Tumski. The most beautiful market square of the city is famous also. And near the Town Hall as well as in many other places it is possible to meet unusual small inhabitants of this city – bronze dwarfs that become a new tourist sight. Wroclaw also has a name «city of students».

4. At the sleeping town. 2 a.m.

Mineralogical Museum of the Wroclaw State University was our second stop. 

The University Mineralogical Museums` collection contains about 39,000 specimes and it conducts its history since 1811. It occupies two different buildings. Systematic mineral collection from every corner of the globe and from the Polish deposits is situated in the complex of University buildings (street Tsibulsky Cybulskego, 30) in a big room with a hall. Here are exposed older samples (their considerable part belongs to the XIX-th century, with original labels in German). Another museum`s branch is located on the street Kuznicha Kuznicha, 22, and occupies several underground halls – medieval cellars.

5. Yacek BogdaÅ„ski, the curator of the Museum, and  Ludmila Cheshko at the entrance of the Mineralogical museum of the Wroclaw State University (Kuznicha str., 22).

It is necessary to note interesting exposition of mineral Holotypes – standards, author research originals for which all necessary description mineral data have been obtained. Among their authors are the well-known scientists who have been working in the University.



6–9. Fragments of the impressive exhibition of Holotypes. Specimens of the Mineralogical Museum of the Wroclaw University.

Besides the exhibition of meteorites, three following expositions are noteworthy:
1) very full and entertainment exhibition of minerals of Strzegom pegmatites (their description was based on the work «Pegmatites» of Academician Alexander. E. Fersman that became classical, and the Mineralogical museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences has several specimens from Strzegom collected by him);
2) exhibition occupying the whole hall devoted to a new pegmatite deposit of Poland – Gurna Pilava;
3) exposition of remarkable agates of Kashavsky mountains, Sudetes.

10. Chrysoprase. 15 cm. Shcliary, Poland. Mineralogical Museum of the Wroclaw University.




11–18. Specimens of the Mineralogical Museum of the Wroclaw University.

19. Yacek Bogdański, with the self-collected specimen of schorl, Pilava Gurna, a new Polish mineral locality.


20-21. Specimens from Pilava Gurna.

There is splendid exibition of the Polish minerals including well-known specimens of gypsum and sphalerite-barite concretions from the Lubin vicinity, striped flint, rich mineralization of the largest in Europe copper deposit in the Lower Silesia.

23. At the exhibition of minerals from the Lower Silesian copper deposits.

24. Crystals of gypsum, Lubin, Poland.

27. Within the garden near the building of the Geological department of the Wroclaw University. Wroclaw`s drawf – the symbol of this town at the granite broken piece.


29. At the centre of Wroclaw.   30. Wroclaw. The Town Hall.


October, 22


Germany has met us with cold, wind and rain. To tell the truth, we were somewhat calmed when we informed that in Moscow it was snowing.

And it was a signal to us to walk across the capital of Saxony – Dresden – one of the famous European cultural centers! We admired the glorified embankment of Elbe (Brühl's Terrace), Zwinger with its most famous art gallery, one of the most beautiful in the world Opera Theatre, Dresden Castle and Cathedral and other sights of the Old City.


1. Frauenkirhe, symbol of Dresden.   2. The building of the Painting Gallery (Kunsthalle) in Lipsiusbau.


3. In Altstadt (Old Town).                                 4. Albertinum.


5. Elbe River under the rain.                                                               6. Brühl's Terrace, nicknamed «The Balcony of Europe».


 8. Opera Theater.  9. Zwinger, a place where the Dresden Gallery treasures are kept. Within the yard of Zwinger.

11. One of the entrances.


12. Fragment.

13. Fragment.

14. Dresden Castle.

But the main European holiday of experts, fans and dealers of stone hurried us. And in several hours we visited the territory of «Messe München» – huge Exhibition Center of Munich, the capital of Bavaria.

3. Main entrance.

5. Main exhibition hall А6. There are no public yet… Preparation for the Show is going on.


October, 24–26

Munich Show!

6. The Show is beginning. Ticket queues.

9. Tissint, shergotite – Martian meteorite. Fall, 2011, Morocco.

10. Chondrite from Chelyabinsk (South Urals, Russia). Fall, 15.02.2013.

12. Tyrannosaurus King-Kong – the adornment of А5 exhibition hall.
First mounted original Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton in Europe.

14. At the background of the rocky crystal ball – pseudomorph of gypsum after the head of sheep from the salt lake, Queensland, Australia.

18. How long the Earth has been overpopulated! Fossils of all dimensions and for any taste.

23. Almost all is made from wood within the pavilion. And predominates the wood grown up 180M years ago.

26. Russian Minerals company is participant  of Show for many years.

29. Mineralogical Almanac booth represents new publications not only from Russia 

31. Marie Huizing, editor of Rocks and Minerals magazine, is talking about not only minerals with 
Vasya Lisytsyn, the junior, and his mother Katya.

33. Opal. It is one of the treasures within the pavilion A6. Most of them are from Australian licalities.

41. Sometimes minerals has been used for the creation of an amazing numerous birds` kingdom!
Only several their representatives are shown at the photo.

42. One can`t hardly be amazed by the Columbia emerald specimens.

54. There is – as ever – Crystal Classics.

60. Rutile with hematite from Brazil and pale blue opal-CT from Namibia (Saphira).

61. Marcus Budil always represents high-quality Mineral specimens (one of the show cases).

66. Vivianite from Bolivia.

69. Morganite from Urucum Mine, Brazil.

70. Show-case at the Spirifer Minerals booth.

72. Striped flint and marcasite-barite concretions from Poland (Spirifer Minerals).

74. Great crocoite and opal from Australia (Adelaide Mining Company).

75. Hematite with quartz from China (Alain Martaud Minéraux Company).

77. «Flying gemstones», exhibition from the private museum Kristallmuseum Riedenburg .

81. Alpin - Central expositiom of Ðpavilion .

84. Perhaps, it is a chief treasurer of mountainous ownerships. We are friends with him!


Looking through the Show. What we are able to check…

87. Alexandrite cyclic twins from Zimbabwe.

94. Classical Spanish twinned aragonite.

95. These irregular white opal (cacholong?) figures from Aragon, Spain, have been originated from the ancient diatoms relics.

99. That is the place where you may sieve sand in searching for gemstones and shark teeth.

100. You can pan gold here.


When Show was over, we enjoyed Munich sightseeing.

101. Munich. View of the city from the Tower of the Town Hall.

104. Within the building of the New Town Hall.

105. One may very often get acquainted with such habitants in the Old Town.


106–108. Treasures of the Old Pinakotek (picture gallery):
«Madonna of the Carnation», Leonardo Da Vinci
, 1475.
«The Tempi Madonna», Raphael
, 1507–1508.
«Self-portrait», Albrecht Durer
, 1500.


112. Old Town Hall.                     113. At the Munich underground.


114 - 115. We have lived here. The village house, Baldham, suburb of Munich.


16. Hohenshwangau could be observed.   117. But Noishwanshtain was almost lost in mist.


October, 29 - Bavaria, Berhtesgaden

Our way lay from Bavaria to the Austrian Styria, Gratz city.

The beautiful road with impressive Alpine views passed through ancient area of salt mining. And in one small town with a Mining Museum we have stopped.


1, 2. On roads of Bavaria.

3. Management of the salt mine in Berhtesgaden.

4. A Mining Museum building.

5. One may lick salt even at the street.

6. In the form of mining worker nothing is terrible to us!

7. It is our guide and our carriages.


8, 9. Photo for memory: Our company in expectation of adventures. Descent with the help of polished handrails as in our childhood! It was two such descents.

10. The exit from the mine, of course, is through the salt shop!


October, 30  Gratz, Austria

We are in Gratz, the second city of Austria in amount of population, the capital of Styria. It is a fine city just behind the foots of Styria Alps, cultural center, and a city of students.

Our goal – Joanneum-quarter, its main entrance. It is located in the center of the city, and our way lies through the fine main square near the Town Hall. Central part of the city is under the protection of the UNESCO (it was declared the world cultural inheritage). Joanneum is a museum of the Styria region, and one of the largest museums of the world. It was founded by Archduke Joann Baptist and led its beginning from its own collection.

1. Town Hall of Gratz.

3. Technical University of Gratz arised basing on the Ioanneum.

4. Within the small yard.

6. A new entrance into the Ioanneum. To its 200-years anniversary in 2011 Joanneum has been reconstructed and transformed into the Joanneum-quarter including museums of different profile.

8. Ioanneum museums are inviting guests!

12. That is the level +2. We are going to the Geological department of the Museum of Natural History. Its collection of minerals consists of about 80 thousand specimens. The main exposition of the mineral exhibition occupies two rooms, and the core of it is the collection of Archduke Joann and specimens belonging to the XIX century. These rooms also house the gem and meteorite collection as well as minerals brought from the Russia. Among the latter there are excellent exhibits of native gold from the Beriozovskoye deposit, Urals.

16. Photos of cases and catalogue cards are kept close to the mineral specimens. The museum was shown to us by Mag. Dr. Hans-Peter Bojar, Centre of Natural History, Universalmuseum Ioanneum, curator of the mineralogical collection.

17. Search in the Xerox-copied catalogue book is not long.

18. Exhibition is kept regularly in the Ð¥IÐ¥-century`s style with preserving of old mineral and deposits names. Specimens are tightly «packed» close to each other. Cases of carbonates.


Specimens of Natural History Museum, the Universalmuseum Joanneum, Graz.

19. Halite. Predominantly from the deposits of Austro-Hungary.

24. Pyromorphite, Baden.

25. Apatite, Bohemia.

26. Wagnerite crystal, Salzburg.

28. Smoky quartz from the Urals as well as corundum and hydrotalcite.

29. Large crystal of muscovite, Miass, Southern Urals.

30. Crystals of Cr-titanite in the rock, Tyrol.

31. Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kazakhstan.

36. Elbaite, Murzinka, Middle Urals, Russia.

38. Epidote from Salzburg.

39. Phenakite, River Tokovaya, Izumrudnye Kopi, Middle Urals, Russia.

41. Aragonite – famous «iron flowers», Erzberg, Styria.

43. Urals` malachite.

44. Titanomagnetite, Miass, Southern Urals, Russia.

47. Opals from Chervenitse (ÄŒervenize).

57. Interior of the second systematic hall. Everything is keeping as it was in the ХIХ century.

60. Mineral treasures of Styria.


The Joanneum museums day we`ve finished by a walk along Graz. In order to enjoy its sightseeing you ought to claim the Shlossberg – castle mountain.


62. On the Herrenstrasse street.
65. Staircase on the Shlossberg (Castle mountain). In the mountain has been digged the tunnel for the funicular.

66. Sight onto the town from the Castle mountain. Mur river and modern Exhibition Hall Kunsthouse.

68. Gratz Castle Shlossberg.

69. Clock tower.

72. This is a Murincel – an artificial island-bridge.


October, 31

Bratislava, Slovakia

We are riding to Slovakia!

Its capital Bratislava is located only in 65 km from the Vienna. It is a fine city on the Danube river with rich history and a lot of sightseeing.

1. Within the yard of Primate's Palace.

2. Bratislava's Town Hall.

3. Sight onto the city from the Town Hall tower. Main Square.

5. St. Martin's Cathedral, which served as the coronation church of the Kingdom of Hungary.

6. The old Slovak National Theatre.

7. Bratislava Castle.

9. Sight from the castle mountain onto the modern bridge over Danube river.

10. Evening. Danube.


We are guests in the house of Albert Russ, citizen of Bratislava, chemist and author of numerous interesting photos of minerals.


15, 16. Albert Russ with chalcanthite crystal that has been personally grown up by him.

17. Albert is a collector of minerals.

18. One of his beloved minerals – amethyst.

19. Chalcedonic crusts.

20. Specimens from Banska-Stiavniza often visited by Albert predominate here.


November, 1

Banska-Shtiavnitza, Slovakia

We are travelling along the Slovakia, and now we ride to the Štiavnica Mountains – a volcanic mountain range in the southern central Slovakia. They are part of Inner Western Carpathians.

Štiavnica Mountains are an immense caldera created by the collapse of an ancient volcano. Due to their volcanic origin, they are mineral-rich, with around 140 kinds of minerals. The Banska Stiavnica – Hodrusa ore district is located in the central upweled part of a polygenic stratovolcano. The ores of Banska Stiavnica and Hodrusa deposits belong to the gold-silver-polymetallic hydrothermal mineralization.

1. Baňa – it is a mine! The Mine of All Old Saints. Mining Museum is here.

3. A monument of a Miner with oil lamp – favorite of local habitants. He formerly lived and worked just among them, and now he remained forever as a symbolic figure.

4. An ancient map of a mine – on the wall of reception hall.

5. We are in a hurry to visit the museum. In its first room we may see the information of the stratavolcano, in which caldera Banska-Shtiavnitza is and that determined the historical fate of the region.

6. The lecture about the ancient mining and metallurgical history is pronouncing through the smelting furnace.


7, 9. Exhibits open the mystery of the stone transformation: ore à concentrate à metals à pieces made from metals.


10, 11. We can see here ancient tools of metallurgy and mining workers, mining casks and lamps

12. Richard Kaňa, our hostess, is a winner of dozens of world and European championships on gold panning. Champion with his grandson and Albert Russ behind one of the show-cases with awards.

13. And it is not all awards!

14. Ancient maps and outlines of mining works are hanging on the walls.

16. Commentaries to the photos made by the author.

18. Ethnographical department of the museum is devoted to the mining workers life.

19. Mineralogical collection on the top floor is a crown of the exposition.


First of all minerals from Banska Stiavnica (three show-cases devoted) and Hodrusa ore deposits are exhibited very thoroughly on the exposition with notes on the place of finding, year and author of the specimen.

20. Aragonite branches from Hodrusha.

21. Chalcopyrite from the mine Rozalia, Hodrusha.

26. Barite, sphalerite, Banska-Shtiavnitza.

27. Аmethyst, siderite.

28. Sphalerite, barite.

29. Quartz.

31. Sphalerite – cleiophane.

32. Large druse of amethyst that we were permitted to photo only fragmentary.

33. This is a place of its keeping. The box left from the Soviet times.

35. Calcite.

37. 1, 2 – amethyst, 3 – manganocalcite, quartz; 4 – galena.

40. Barite.

43. Famous Slovakian opals, ÄŒervenize, Slansky vrch.


Exhibits were very impressive! Many excellent specimens from Slovakian, Hungarian and Romanian deposits are exposed. Even there is a showcase containing minerals from the Russia.

46. Russian minerals. At the foreground – native copper and cuprite from the Rubtsovskoye deposit, Altay.

47. And elegant Slovakian intergrowths of gypsum crystals with mineralized fauna.


Wonderful museum! We wish Richard further success!

In the past, silver mining flourished in the area around the town of Banská Štiavnica. This choice determined its fate. The town was under the king`s protection. Banska-Stiavnica for a long period was in the head of mining activities in the Europe. In 1735 there was opened the first in Europe Mining School that in 1763 was transformed by Emperor Maria Teresa into the first Mining Academy. It was a place of work of the best European scientists. Banska-Stiavnica is one of the finest towns of Slovakia, «small Prague», and it is under protection of UNESCO. Now this old mining town is a town-museum.

48. Banska-Shtiavnitza. Famous sacral complex Calvary (Golgotha).

49. Center of the city. Square of the Saint Trinity. The town viewed from the Trinity square with the New Castle left, St. Catherine´s church in the middle and Town Hall right.

50. Square of the Saint Trinity. The highest in Europe plague column.

51. Renaissance New Castle.

52. We are riding higher and higher in mountains. Slovakian autumn around us.

53. One of the 24 hand-made lakes in the vicinity of Banska-Shtiavnitza, they were originally built in the 18th century as water reservoirs serving the mining industry.

56. Mountains.

60. And under our legs…


61, 62. The main entrance is to the right. And – exit also!

63. We are ready to make photos of dawn in mountains!

64. Here it is. Albert, of cause, has made photo closer to original…

65. We have been postponed at every step about the holiday of All Saints and Helloing.


Good buy, Baňa!

70, 73, 74. Along the roads of Slovakia.

75, 76. Hello, Brest, and good buy!

77. And opposite to the Belovezhsky European bison we are fueled for the last rush.